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88 modals

Past Modals

This lesson explores patterns and usage for past modals and modal expressions. Students practice expressing past ability, possibility, certainty, advisability, and necessity through various writing and speaking exercises. Mixed modal tasks are included.

Printable Lesson

PDFs:

  • 2–3 hours
  • 19 pages
Tasks
  • grammar review
  • grammar explanation
  • grammar chart
  • examples
  • grammar practice exercises
  • speaking task
  • pair work
  • listening task
  • writing task
  • quiz
Grammar
  • past advisability
  • past possibility
  • past certainty
  • past ability
  • past necessity
  • repeated past actions
Tasks

Title

Due

  • Quick Grammar Review
  • Mixed Modals
  • Find the Error
  • Statement & Response
  • Pair Work
  • Writing
  • Quiz